Thanks for visiting us on the forums with such a great question. You can utilize a free program from Macrium Macrium Relfect Free This program will take a snapshot of your entire disk. The snapshot includes everything from system files to you personal data. I have used this in the past many times for migrating my system to a Solid State Disk from a traditional Spinning Hard Disk Drive. You can even schedule backups with the free version.
You will need an additional USB thumb drive 16GB should suffice, if you ever had to perform a restore to your main disk, you can find directions here on that part.